Heart Attack Causes, Symptoms And Signs
The blood supply to the heart is usually stopped by a blood clot in the coronary arteries, causing the heart attack. The arteries are narrowed in places due to 'plaques' - a build-up of the fatty substance cholesterol over many years.
What Is Tonsilitis
Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, caused by either bacteria or viruses. Tonsils are groups of tissue, similar to the lymph nodes or 'glands' that circle the throat. This circle of tissue is part of a ring of glandular tissue around the throat called Waldeyer's ring, and the tonsils are found on either side of the back of the throat.
Arthritis Medical Advice And Types Of Arthritis
In order to have an understanding of the two major types of arthritis, it is essential to know a little about the function and appearance of a joint. A joint is designed to allow smooth movement of two bones, one against the other.
What Causes Asthma And Asthma Treatment
Asthma is a condition that affects your airways - the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. People with asthma have airways that are almost always red and sensitive, inflamed.
What Causes Diabetes And Types Of Diabetes
A healthy diet, regular exercise, and culturally sensitive care may be helpful in preventing and controlling diabetes, say researchers. The findings are based on recent reviews that suggest that a healthy diet and exercise can help prevent diabetes, and that patients from ethnic minorities do better with diabetes education that takes their language and culture into account.
Uterine fibroids can cause infertility by presenting as a space occupying lesion; by contiguous enlargement and subsequent blockade of the tubes, by formation of adhesions, by exhibiting heavy menstrual flow causing symptomatic anemia and causing irregularities of menstruation and hormonal imbalance, and by causing discomfort and pain during intercourse.
What Is Pancreatitis? Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas (a gland in the abdomen) becomes inflamed. It’s extremely painful and is usually accompanied by vomiting. Apart from powerful painkilling drugs, the only other thing that sometimes brings relief is sitting forwards. The pancreas is a special gland that helps with digestion and guards blood sugar levels. […]
Removing large chunks of the digestive tract used to be the only way to end the pain of chronic stomach ulcers and avoid the risk of a potentially life-threatening haemorrhage. Now, all most people need is a course of antibiotics. Symptoms Of Peptic Ulcer Although most peptic ulcers are quite small, they can be incredibly […]
What is achalasia? At first it may only cause a minor problem, and often goes unnoticed. However, over time someone with achalasia finds it increasingly difficult to swallow food and liquid. This is because the muscles in the oesophagus (gullet) which move foods and liquids into the stomach stop working properly. This leads to the […]
What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome? This is the term given to a range of symptoms affecting the digestive system. It is a diagnosis of exclusion i.e. it is usually made once other possibilities have been ruled out. It is the commonest gastroenterological disorder there is, affecting at least half of all people attending gastroenterology out-patients, […]
What Are Gallstones? These are small stones – often looking like bits of gravel – which form in the gallbladder. This is the collecting bag for bile, which helps us to digest fat, and is situated tucked under the liver just below the rib cage on the right. They are often present without causing symptoms, […]
What Are Haemorrhoids? Haemorrhoids (sometimes called ‘piles’) occur when the veins in the lower part of the rectum and around the anus become swollen, enlarged or damaged. Other conditions can also cause discomfort, pain or bleeding in this area. They include anal fissure and anal itching (pruritus). Although haemorrhoids are the most common cause of […]
What Is Heartburn? Heartburn is a type of indigestion where acid from the stomach rises up your gullet (oesophagus), the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach. Overeating is a common cause of heartburn, as are alcohol, smoking and rich or spicy foods. Stress, worry and rushed meals can all make heartburn […]
What Are Piles? Piles is the common term for haemorrhoids, which are swollen veins in and around the back passage (anus). Many people will develop piles at some time or another and, although highly uncomfortable, they are rarely cause for concern. The most frequent cause of piles is constipation, where you have difficulty going to […]