What Is Tonsilitis
Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils, caused by either bacteria or viruses. Tonsils are groups of tissue, similar to the lymph nodes or 'glands' that circle the throat. This circle of tissue is part of a ring of glandular tissue around the throat called Waldeyer's ring, and the tonsils are found on either side of the back of the throat.
Heart Attack Causes, Symptoms And Signs
The blood supply to the heart is usually stopped by a blood clot in the coronary arteries, causing the heart attack. The arteries are narrowed in places due to 'plaques' - a build-up of the fatty substance cholesterol over many years.
Arthritis Medical Advice And Types Of Arthritis
In order to have an understanding of the two major types of arthritis, it is essential to know a little about the function and appearance of a joint. A joint is designed to allow smooth movement of two bones, one against the other.
Uterine fibroids can cause infertility by presenting as a space occupying lesion; by contiguous enlargement and subsequent blockade of the tubes, by formation of adhesions, by exhibiting heavy menstrual flow causing symptomatic anemia and causing irregularities of menstruation and hormonal imbalance, and by causing discomfort and pain during intercourse.
What Causes Diabetes And Types Of Diabetes
A healthy diet, regular exercise, and culturally sensitive care may be helpful in preventing and controlling diabetes, say researchers. The findings are based on recent reviews that suggest that a healthy diet and exercise can help prevent diabetes, and that patients from ethnic minorities do better with diabetes education that takes their language and culture into account.
What Is Japanese Encephalitis? Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease spread by mosquitoes, which transfer the virus from infected animals – usually pigs and wading birds – to humans. Areas such as rice fields, where mosquitoes thrive and there is a lot of pig farming, are especially risky. It was first recognised in Japan in […]
What Is Meningitis? Meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, can be caused by infection with a bacterium or virus. There are two main types of meningitis: Viral meningitis – tends to appear in summer months and is generally much less severe. Most people recover fully. Initially, vague flu-like […]
Swine Flu Causes Influenza is caused by a virus. There are many types of flu virus and these are constantly changing, making it hard for the immune system to deal with. The influenza virus that causes swine flu is known as H1N1 2009, which is a type of influenza A (there are also influenza B […]
Causes Of Influenza (Flu) Flu is a viral infection. It’s passed on when people breathe in liquid droplets containing the influenza virus that have been sneezed or coughed into the air, or when people touch objects contaminated with the virus. The virus can cause infections all year round, but in the UK it’s most common in […]
What is Fungal Nail Infection? This is an infection of the base of the nails, caused by various fungal infections. The medical term for this is onychomycosis, and the usual fungal infection involved is called the dermophytes. It is an extremely common problem, affecting hundreds of thousands of people in the UK alone. It becomes […]
By the start of the 20th Century, six major cholera “pandemics” had affected countries across the world. The world is now fighting the seventh, caused by a new strain of the Vibrio cholerae bacterium, El Tor. Epidemics involving this strain started in 1961 in Indonesia, spreading rapidly elsewhere in eastern Asia, and from there to […]
What is hepatitis C? Hepatitis C is an infection with the hepatitis C virus. Although there is no vaccine to protect against infection, there is effective treatment available. Estimates suggest over 250,000 people in the UK have been infected with hepatitis C, but eight out of ten don’t know that they have it because they […]
What is Group B streptococcus infection? GBS affects 1 in 2000 babies born every year in the UK and Ireland, meaning that about 340 babies a year will develop GBS infection within 7 days of birth(‘early onset GBS infection’). GBS is a bacterial infection. It is not a sexually transmitted disease. Although up to a […]