• Being over 50
• Being overweight
• Having had diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes)
• A history of large babies (over 4kg - about 9lb - at birth)
What Are The Symptoms?
¤ Education is important. Learn as much about diabetes and its management as you can. Diabetes education programmes are run by many hospitals
¤ See your dietitian for advice on your personal eating plan
¤ Monitor your own blood sugar levels regularly (and more frequently when you are unwell)
¤ If you are on tablets or insulin, make sure you always have ready access to hypo treatment
¤ On sick days (when your blood sugars are likely to be elevated), always take your usual medication and consult your doctor if you develop vomiting or diarrhoea
¤ Because diabetes may cause poor circulation and/or numbness in the feet, maintain good foot care and always wear well fitting, comfortable shoes. Seek advice from your doctor or chiropodist for corns, calluses or ulcers as soon as they develop. NEVER treat them yourself
¤ Have your blood pressure, eyes, kidneys and feet checked regularly
¤ It is also important that family, friends and school or work mates know that you have diabetes and know how to react if you develop a hypo. They should give you something sweet, but they should NOT try to give you sugar if you are unconscious.
By Dr Peter Stott.